By Walter Rüegg
Through targeting the liberty of clinical learn, educating and learn, the medieval collage constitution used to be modernized and enabled discoveries to develop into a qualified, bureaucratically-regulated job of the college. This opened the way in which for the effective march of the traditional sciences, and resulted in scholar movements--resulting within the collage being eventually solid within the position of a castle of political fight in a world-wide struggle for freedom. additionally to be had: quantity 1: Universities within the heart a while 0-521-36105-2 Hardback $140.00 C quantity 2: Universities in Early sleek Europe (1500-1800) 0-521-36106-0 Hardback $130.00 C
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Extra resources for A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, Universities the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800-1945) (A History of the University in Europe)
Some French historians believe that it was not abandoned until 1968 by Edgar Faure’s loi sur l’orientation de l’enseignement sup´erieur,4 which was inspired by the reform programme drawn up on 6 January 1968 by the Rectors of the West German universities. The German model bears the name of the Humboldt University. The credit must indeed go to the scholar and statesman Wilhelm von Humboldt, brother of the great naturalist Alexander, for persuading the King of Prussia, who favoured the French model, to found a university in Berlin in 1810 built on the liberal ideas of the theologian and philosopher Friedrich Schleiermacher.
C. ), Humboldt International, Der Export ¨ ¨ des deutschen Universitatsmodells im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, Veroffentlichungen der ¨ Universitats¨ und Wissenschaftsgeschichte 3 (Basle, 2001), 367–401. Gesellschaft fur ˜ Peset, Universidad Espanola, 717. ) 6 Themes and public education throughout the Empire’,8 the official who ran it reported directly to the emperor and enjoyed great independence. 9 After sixteen months of successful activity, Wilhelm von Humboldt resigned his position as Director of the Section for Ecclesiastical Affairs and Education at the Ministry of the Interior in 1810, just before the opening of the University of Berlin, because the King did not want to upgrade the Division into a Ministry of Education, which would have given it the necessary political clout.
Kocka et al. ), Die Koniglich Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin im Kaiserreich (Berlin, 1999), 73–4. ) According to C. Grau, ‘Profildifferenzen und Profildifferenzierung der Preussischen Akademie und anderer deutscher WissenschaftlerGemeinschaften im 19. Jahrhundert’, in Kocka et al. ), Preussische Akademie, 48, ¨ the Gesellschaft deutscher Naturforscher und Arzte, which was divided into seven sections in 1828, numbered 41 in 1894. The Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, founded in 1821, was one of the first specialized societies in the field of the natural sciences; cf.
A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, Universities the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800-1945) (A History of the University in Europe) by Walter Rüegg