By P. Oktor Skjærvø
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Zoroastrianism
That man, they decided, must have been Zarathustra, and the “new” beliefs must have been part of his “reform” of the traditional religion. See below on Zarathustra. Others are: Aêshma “Wrath,” the principal opponent of Sraosha; he probably personifies nocturnal darkness and the night sky, 1 According to Louis Renou, Rigvedic aramati is literally “thought put in correct form, thought ready (for the poetic games)” but also a deity. Its “abstract” meaning is therefore closely connected with poems and poetry.
On the other hand both Rigvedic Mitra and Avestan Mithra are associated with the sun. In the Rigveda, the sun is the eye of Mitra and Varun≥a, by which they keep an eye on the affairs of men. In the Avesta, Mithra precedes the Sun at dawn, flying over the golden mountain peaks to survey the land of the Iranians. Mithra is the god invoked by warriors before the battles to make him strike fear into the hearts of the enemies, who are those who broke the peace treaty. In the world of thought Mithra is the sworn enemy of the daêwas and others possessed by the Lie, and even the Evil Spirit himself fears him.
Most of the gods are clearly Iranian, but there are also some Elamite and Babylonian ones. Gods Persian gods and divinities: Ahuramazdâ Visai Bagâ “All Gods” Ispandâramaiti “Life-giving Humility” Naryasanga, Av. Nairya Sangha Ertâna Fraverti “pre-souls of the Orderly” *Druvâ, either the god of Time (Av. Zruwâ “time”) or a god or goddess of Health (cf. OPers. duruva “healthy, unharmed,” Av. Druwâspâ “she who keeps the horses healthy”) Mizhdushi, apparently a female deity “the reward-granting one” (Av.
An Introduction to Zoroastrianism by P. Oktor Skjærvø