By Sun Tzu
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Additional info for Art of war
By shifting his camp and taking circuitous routes, he prevents the enemy from anticipating his purpose. (Sun Tzu, Ch. 11, 37) Scipio, after conquering all Spain, returned to Rome, and was appointed consul. Not content with the laurels he had already won, he determined upon an enterprise, which, if successful, should eclipse all his former victories. This was the conquest of Africa. Accordingly, he crossed over thither, and made it the seat of the war. The devastation of the country, the siege of Utica, one of oldest and most powerful cities of Phoenicia, the total defeat of the two armies – all these things forced the Carthaginians at last to turn their thoughts to peace.
At this Parmenio withdrew and Alexander lay down to rest. A profound and most refreshing sleep came to Alexander. Morning dawned and it seemed proper to rouse the men to breakfast and to preparation for battle, but Alexander still slept. But at last, time not giving them leave to wait any longer, Parmenio went to his bedside and called him twice or thrice by his name, till he waked him, and then asked how it was possible, when he was to fight the most important battle of all, he could sleep so soundly as if he were already victorious.
Alexander continued his conquest of the Persian Empire and was, largely due to his own strategic abilities but also because of his enemies’ miscalculations and bad decisions, successful, defeating the Persians under Darius’ direct command in the Battles of Issus and Gaugamela and at the Persian Gates where the army made its last stand. After Darius’ death at the hands of his trusted eunuchs, Alexander declared himself the emperor of Persia and married one of the daughters of the deceased king. Alexander was at that time the monarch of three lands, as Egypt had earlier welcomed him with open arms and declared him the incarnation of their major deities.
Art of war by Sun Tzu